German-Czech relations are very close, as demonstrated by frequent two way visits at the highest level. Most recently, Federal President Steinmeier and Bundesrat President Haseloff visited the Czech Republic in August and September 2021.
The key cornerstones of German Czech relations are the Treaty on Good Neighbourliness, Friendship and Cooperation of 27 February 1992 and the German Czech Declaration on Mutual Relations and their Future Development of 21 January 1997. The essence of the latter is the undertaking by both sides to advance German Czech relations in a spirit of good neighbourliness and to disencumber them from political and legal issues stemming from the past. On its 20th anniversary, the Foreign Ministers of the day signed a declaration reaffirming the spirit of the German-Czech Declaration.
Cooperation is especially deep-rooted with respect to foreign and European policy. Czechia and Germany work together intensively on foreign policy issues such as the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership, and also in the Western Balkans. As part of their strategic dialogue, German and Czech ministries are cooperating in a total of 11 working groups. Cross-border cooperation, particularly with the Free State of Bavaria and the Free State of Saxony, has been stepped up in recent years.
Cultural exchange at all levels is wide-ranging, also as regards projects conducted without state involvement. Various foundations and funds are represented in Czechia, such as the Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung, the Heinrich Böll Foundation, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and the German-Czech Future Fund.
There is intensive cooperation in the judicial and police sectors (established in 2016), as well as a more recent declaration with Saxony on cross border healthcare (from 2019). The German-Czech police agreement establishes a comprehensive intergovernmental basis for police and customs cooperation.
Bilateral military relations are good. There are several agreements between the two countries’ Defence Ministries that form the basis for long-term military cooperation at bilateral and international level