Germany and Canada: Bilateral relations Canada

10.12.2019 - Article

German-Canadian relations are based on common values and shared fundamental convictions.

Canada demonstrated its solidarity with the Federal Republic of Germany during the Berlin blockade and while Europe and Germany were divided, stationing a total of over 300,000 soldiers in Germany between the end of World War Two and 1993.

At political level, relations are characterised by active cooperation in international organisations and a shared commitment to preserving the rules-based international order in fields such as security and disarmament, human rights and humanitarian assistance.

CETA, the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the EU, has been provisionally applied since 21 September 2017. Bilateral trade (and trade with the EU as a whole) has increased considerably since that date. Due to regular fluctuations in trade balances, it is still too early to reliably state whether this growth is due to CETA alone, two years after the treaty’s provisional entry into force. However, there are ever more signs that this is the case. When it comes to cooperation in science and research, Canada is one of Germany’s most important partners worldwide. More than 1000 bilateral collaborations have been established between German and Canadian research and intermediary organisations, universities and the private sector since the signing of the German-Canadian Intergovernmental Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation in 1971. More than 12,000 joint German-Canadian academic publications appeared just in the period 2016 - 2018. Current priority research areas are natural resources, energy, the environment (including Arctic and oceanic research), modern manufacturing technologies, information and communication technologies (with a focus on artificial intelligence), and health research.

German immigration to Canada began some 200 years ago, and now nearly 3.2 million of the 37.2 million Canadians have German roots.

Thanks to the Youth Mobility Agreement (YMA) between Germany and Canada, young Germans and Canadians aged between 18 and 35 can spend up to a year in the partner country in order to gain work experience, travel or gain insights into culture and society.

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