Germany and Armenia: Bilateral relations

10.04.2024 - Article

Germany and Armenia have enjoyed good bilateral relations since 1992. Germany is supporting Armenia as it moves closer to both the EU and NATO. It calls for a political solution to the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan and supports the mediation efforts of the European Union in this context. Germany promotes the humanitarian engagement of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and cross-border reconciliation projects.

Germany is Armenia’s principal trading partner in the EU. Its main exports to Armenia are motor vehicles, machinery, chemicals and electrical engineering products. Its main imports from Armenia are iron, steel, copper, molybdenum and other metals, as well as textiles. Germany is one of the most important foreign direct investors in the country.

In terms of development cooperation, Germany is the most important partner for Armenia after the EU. Armenia is a partner country on the basis of the 2030 reform strategy of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. Cooperation concentrates on sustainable development, environmental and climate protection, democracy, municipal development and rule of law promotion.

The focus of German cultural and education policy in Armenia is on intensifying cultural and social exchange, promoting German as a foreign language and supporting the country’s civil society. The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), the Central Agency for Schools Abroad (ZfA) and the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) have offices in Armenia, and the Goethe-Institut operates a Goethe-Zentrum in the country. There are almost 50 cooperation arrangements between German and Armenian higher education institutions. A large number of students and researchers benefit from scholarships and exchange programmes. Since 2014, Armenia’s civil society has received support particularly through the Expanding Cooperation with Civil Society in the Eastern Partnership Countries and Russia programme. An active town twinning partnership has been in place between Halle (Saale) and Gyumri since 2023.

The political foundations Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V. and Heinrich Böll Foundation, as well as the German Adult Education Association (DVV) and the German Foundation for International Legal Cooperation (IRZ), have offices in Yerevan.


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