German-Afghan relations date back to the first contacts between the governments of the German Reich and the Kingdom of Afghanistan in 1915. After the end of the Taliban rule in late 2001, the German Ambassador was the first head of mission to present his letter of credence to the new Interim Administration. In 2001 and 2011, Germany held two ground-breaking conferences on the future of Afghanistan.
Following the end of NATO’s ISAF mission, Germany was from 2015 the second largest troop contributor to NATO’s Resolute Support Mission seeking to train, advise and support the Afghan defence and security forces. Following the joint decision of NATO partners to end the mission, the Federal Government also withdrew its soldiers from Afghanistan in summer 2021.
When the Taliban assumed power on 15 August 2021, the Federal Government suspended its comprehensive support in the sphere of development cooperation and stabilisation but continues its substantial involvement in humanitarian assistance and basic services for the people in Afghanistan and Afghan refugees in neighbouring countries.
Alongside humanitarian assistance, Germany’s efforts are currently focused on the promotion of human rights – especially those of women and children – as well as on strengthening civil society, regional cooperation and giving German nationals, local employees and people at particular risk who have received Federal Government approval for admission to Germany the opportunity to leave the country safely (in each case together with their immediate family).
The German Embassy in Kabul closed on 15 August 2021 and will remain closed until further notice. When the Federal Government and international partners have contacts with Taliban representatives and the de facto government authorities, the focus is on enabling people to leave the country unhindered, on gaining access for humanitarian assistance, on inclusive governance, combating terrorism and the importance Germany and international partners attach to respect for human rights in Afghanistan.
Information about German development cooperation with Afghanistan can be found on the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.