German-Afghan relations date back to the first contacts between the governments of the German Reich and the Kingdom of Afghanistan in 1915. After the overthrow of the Taliban regime in late 2001, the German Ambassador was the first head of mission to present his letter of credence to the new Interim Administration. In 2001 and 2011, Germany held two ground-breaking conferences on the future of Afghanistan and has since provided comprehensive support as the country’s second largest donor.
Following the Afghan security forces’ assumption of responsibility for security, and the end of NATO’s ISAF mission, Germany has been the second largest troop contributor to NATO’s Resolute Support Mission, which seeks to train, advise and support the Afghan defence and security forces.
Donor conferences are held regularly to reaffirm the international community’s commitment and to coordinate support for efforts to stabilise and develop Afghanistan. The donors and the Afghan Government also agree the reform agenda, which covers important fields such as good governance, combating corruption, women’s rights and the economy. At the donor conference in November 2020, Germany pledged up to 430 million euro for civilian support in the year 2021.
Stabilisation measures include supporting the local police, capacity-building in the judiciary and administration, and supporting civil society and bilateral university projects, as well as peace and reconciliation processes. Trade promotion, good governance and urban development (including water and energy) are priority areas in bilateral development cooperation. Furthermore, the German Government supports humanitarian measures such as aid for internally displaced persons and refugees, disaster prevention, mine and ordnance clearance, and mine victim support.
With a large number of bilateral university projects, scholarship programmes and cultural heritage preservation projects, Germany is also helping capacity-building efforts in the Afghan education and research sector.