The countries of the Horn of Africa remain in a precarious humanitarian situation. This is due to the continuing drought in the region, rising food prices and the effects of armed conflict and disease. According to observers, around 14 million people in the area will be dependent on food aid and other assistance over the coming months. For that reason the Federal Foreign Office has, since the beginning of the year, increased its humanitarian aid for the region to over 4 million euro.
During 2008 the Federal Foreign Office has supported projects run by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and Doctors without Borders (MSF) in Ethiopia to the tune of 1.25 million euro. These projects have focused on providing emergency medical care and food for malnourished children under five years of age. The NGO CARE will be given another 300,000 euro to supply children, nursing and expectant mothers with special additional food and essentials.
In Somalia, in cooperation with the International Committee of the Red Cross, World Vision, CARE and Diakonie Emergency Aid, projects will be implemented amounting to 2.43 million euro, aimed among other things at supplying malnourished children with drinking water, food and additional foodstuffs.
In Djibouti the Johanniter Emergency Service runs six feeding centres for toddlers, using Federal Foreign Office funding of 54,000 euro.