Germany is playing an active role in this regard within the framework of the Global Coalition against Daesh. Alongside its involvement in the fight against IS (or Daesh), Germany is also one of the biggest humanitarian donors in Syria and Iraq.
Pushing IS back
Terrorism cannot be defeated by military means alone. However, the terrorist group’s brutal advance in 2014 and 2015 had to be halted militarily. Germany also contributed to these efforts, for instance with air reconnaissance and air to air refuelling, as well as with training support for the Iraqi armed forces, including many Kurdish Peshmerga, who were supplied with urgently needed military equipment among other things. IS now only controls a handful of territories in Syria. These military successes against IS in Iraq and Syria must be maintained as IS continues to be active as a terrorist organisation.
Stabilising liberated territories
Germany is helping to stabilise the territories liberated from IS and is co chairing the Stabilisation Working Group of the Global Coalition against Daesh. In concrete terms, stabilisation work includes the restoration of basic infrastructure in the areas of water and health, as well as clearance of improvised explosive devices and the implementation of agricultural projects. In Iraq, more than four million internally displaced persons have already returned to their homes.
Promoting political solutions
Political engagement in the region is the most important part of the fight against IS. This includes tackling extremist ideology – for instance by promoting professional and objective journalistic work – as well as cooperating with legitimate state actors.
In Iraq, Germany is lending its support to the Government’s reform efforts. The aim here is to prevent a resurgence of IS and to foster economic and political development.
The situation with respect to political engagement is far more difficult in Syria. Achieving political progress continues to be a decisive factor behind securing a peaceful future for Syria. Germany is supporting these efforts within the framework of the Geneva process.
Providing humanitarian aid
In Syria and Iraq, Germany is providing comprehensive humanitarian aid to help people affected by the conflicts in the two countries, including many displaced persons. These people are receiving vital support in areas such as nutrition, water supply, sanitation, shelter, winter relief and health care, including psychosocial support.