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Germany is helping to build state structures in Somalia

21.12.2016 - Article

For a long time, Somalia was considered a failed state. However, in recent years, there has been tangible progress. Germany is supporting stabilisation in Somalia, for example by helping reintegrate former al-Shabaab fighters, as well as by assisting with the holding of parliamentary elections.

For a long time, Somalia was considered a failed state – but recently the situation has improved slightly. The Federal Foreign Office is supporting stabilisation efforts in the country. In this connection, Germany not long ago made an additional contribution to the UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF) for Somalia.

First signs of progress in Somalia

Women and children in a refugee camp near the city of Beletweyne in Somalia
Women and children in a refugee camp near the city of Beletweyne in Somalia© AMISOM/Tobin Jones

Since 2012, there have been some signs of progress. The internationally recognised Somali government has made noticeable headway in its efforts to build state structures. Somalia has evolved from a failed into a fragile state. After 20 years of civil war, this is a success. However, progress has been accompanied by setbacks, and the goal has not yet been reached.

Somalia therefore needs continued international support. Germany and its international partners are employing a wide range of instruments to assist both this process and political progress – with efforts that include diplomacy, financial support and technical know-how.

Sustain the progress, with support from Germany

Children in Ambresso, Somalia
Children in Ambresso, Somalia© AMISOM/Tobin Jones

Germany provides support in many different fields, for example with a view to establishing a system of federal member states in Somalia and reintegrating former al-Shabaab fighters, in the area of police cooperation, and by helping the country build a federal police force and hold parliamentary elections. The Federal Government is also providing assistance in the security sector, both bilaterally and within the framework of the United Nations and the European Union, via the Common Security and Defence Policy.

Contributing to the UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF) for Somalia is part of Germany’s comprehensive efforts to aid the country. The trust fund is administrated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Its activities began in 2013 and are scheduled to last through 2024. Germany made its initial voluntary contribution to the fund this year (2016), to the amount of 7.7 million euros, divided into two tranches (4.7 million euros in July and 3 million euros in December 2016).

Crisis prevention and building state structures for a peaceful future

Shepherds with their flocks near El-Baraf in Somalia. Many had fled this region after al-Shabaab fighters destroyed the village’s well.
Shepherds with their flocks near El-Baraf in Somalia. Many had fled this region after al-Shabaab fighters destroyed the village’s well.© AMISOM/Tobin Jones

The funds are earmarked for crisis prevention efforts and for building structures that strengthen the peace in Somalia. German funding enabled the Somali electoral process to be initiated, and it also supports the National Independent Electoral Commission. In addition, it promotes creation of federal member states, as well as implementation of the security concept of the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS).

By adopting the action plan on Civilian Crisis Prevention, Conflict Resolution and Post-Conflict Peace-Building on 15 May 2004, the Federal Government underscored its willingness to actively participate in peace-promotion efforts around the world. The action plan is geared toward pursuing a comprehensive approach with a view to preventing and peacefully resolving conflicts. Participation in the United Nations MPTF for Somalia is part of this commitment.

Find out more:

Somalia country profile

Federal Foreign Office supports reintegration of fromer al-Shabaab fighters in Somalia (article dated 12. August 2016)

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