Global warming caused by human activity is jeopardising not only the earth’s climate but also global security. In a special report published today (8 October), the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change therefore called for further wide-scale efforts to limit the worldwide rise in temperatures.
More investment in sustainable technology
With the Paris Agreement in 2015, the international community agreed to limit global warming to a maximum of 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels. However, to prevent the most serious consequences of global warming, a maximum limit of 1.5°C would be required. The IPCC is now calling on all countries to invest considerably more effort in working together to achieve this goal. These primarily include significant investment in sustainable technology and the development of more climate-friendly sources of energy. Since 2012, Germany has almost doubled the proportion of renewable energies in its power supply system. It is now around 40 per cent. The Federal Government aims to increase this to 80 per cent by 2050. Worldwide, the proportion of renewable energy sources in power generation will increase to around 30 per cent over the next five years, according to estimates by the International Energy Agency (IEA).
Global warming threatens stability and peace in the world
To date, security issues have only played a subordinate role in the discussion on human-induced climate change. Yet rising sea levels and drought caused by global warming threaten to lead to large-scale displacement which could destabilise many countries and entire regions. Climate change is also jeopardising the realisation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. These include food security and access to safe drinking water. Even a temperature increase of half a degree could lead to a 100 per cent rise in the number of people throughout the world suffering from water scarcity, with fatal consequences.
Climate policy is security policy
Germany therefore intends to use its membership of the UN Security Council for the 2019/2020 term to raise awareness within the United Nations of the impact of climate change on security policy. All countries need to increase their efforts in the area of climate protection, also in the interests of global security and stability. That is the only way to mitigate the consequences of global warming.