Germany has set itself ambitious climate goals. The aim is for greenhouse gas emissions to be reduced by 55 percent compared to 1990 levels by 2030. That can only be achieved if all ministries pull in the same direction. To ensure a concerted effort, the 2030 climate goals in the various areas are to be laid down in a climate protection law. The climate cabinet is to conduct an annual assessment on whether the goals are being attained, supported by an independent panel of experts. If individual ministries are lagging behind the goals, they will need to take steps to correct their progress. This approach, consisting of monitoring and a climate protection law, makes us one of the pioneers on the international stage. With the key issues paper, the Federal Government is presenting an ambitious timetable for attaining the 2030 climate target.
What are the most important points?
The main priority is the introduction of a CO2 pricing system in the transport and construction sectors from 2021. Five years later, a national emissions trading system is to be put in place. Other important measures include investment programmes and CO2 reduction incentives. With this in mind, 54 billion euros are to be invested up to 2023 alone.
At the same time, the burden on citizens is to be reduced. To this end, an increase in the commuter tax allowance and a reduction of taxes on electricity, among other things, are envisaged.
Presentation for the United Nations Climate Action Summit
Chancellor Merkel will present the results of the climate cabinet today (23 September) at the United Nations Climate Action Summit in New York, along with the plans for the phasing-out of coal-based power in Germany. The goal of the summit is to accelerate implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement and present beacon projects for better climate protection.
The Federal Government also wants to see progress at European level and has expressed its support for a Europe-wide certificate trading system for all sectors. To date, this has only encompassed the energy and industry sectors. This demand is also contained in the European Green Deal formulated by the new EU Commission President Ursula von der Leyen. In a first step, the Federal Government is advocating a minimum price floor for the existing European emissions trading system.