The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established in 1988 by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and has its headquarters in Geneva. The IPCC assesses the risks of climate change and elaborates avoidance strategies.
Papers on research undertaken by various institutes are collated and evaluated as part of the IPCC’s assessment. The organisation’s reports are prepared in working groups and then considered at the plenary sessions. These reports provide the scientific basis for international climate negotiations.
IPCC – pool for information on climate risks
The Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC, which was prepared by over 800 selected scientists, was published between September 2013 and October 2014. In keeping with previous reports, the Fifth Assessment Report presents unambiguous evidence showing that the climate system is warming up and that this development is man-made, that the sea level is continuing to rise and that extreme weather events such as ocean acidification, floods and hurricanes will become more frequent in the future.
In the absence of additional efforts to tackle this problem, the report predicts that the global average temperature will rise by between 3.7 and 4.8°C by the year 2100. The report therefore advocates a fundamental transformation of the worldwide energy supply, mainly by phasing out carbon-intensive industries. According to the IPCC’s projection, it would still be possible to keep to the +2°C upper limit if efforts were to be made in this area in the next two decades.
The IPCC’s Assessment Reports on the organisation’s website: