Great humanitarian Need
In many parts of the Palestinian territories, the situation is desperate: half of the population, around 2.5 million people, is dependent on humanitarian assistance. About 1.6 million people in the Palestinian territories are affected by food insecurity. That is roughly two-thirds of households in the Gaza Strip and a third of households in the West Bank. Electricity supplies in the Gaza Strip are volatile and depend on external funding. The United Nations therefore estimates that a total of 351 million US dollars is needed in 2019 to supply the people with the very basics.
How is Germany helping?
The German Government has responded to the increasing need for aid by contributing 9.5 million euros to the United Nations Country-Based Pooled Fund (CBPF) for the Palestinian territories. Where there are critical gaps in humanitarian supplies that need to be closed quickly, the CBPF allows urgently required aid projects run by local and international organisations to receive rapid, targeted funding.
Germany has been supporting the CBPF for the Palestinian territories since 2013. German humanitarian assistance in the Palestinian territories focuses on food security in the Gaza Strip, basic health care and protective measures in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. The most important partners in humanitarian assistance in the Palestinian territories include the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Germany’s humanitarian assistance aims to make a substantial contribution towards protecting those people who are more badly affected than others by shortcomings in the humanitarian situation. This involves ensuring access to basic health care services and psychosocial support, but also closing gaps in the humanitarian supply situation, particularly in the event of an acute crisis.
CBPF – Rapid assistance in crisis situations
The United Nations sets up humanitarian CBPFs for countries or territories in crisis situations, and UN member states can pay into these funds. CBPFs facilitate rapid and coordinated humanitarian assistance when additional needs arise in a region, e.g. when an acute crisis occurs unexpectedly in a country already ravaged by crises. The aim is to provide aid rapidly, flexibly and in line with need, coordinating and implementing it to the greatest possible extent in direct partnership with local stakeholders. The CBPF for the Palestinian territories is one of 18 such funds in humanitarian crisis contexts.