The “activation” of the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative (API) was the focus of the Arab Summit in Riyadh 28–29 March 2007. As part of this initiative, all Member States of the Arab League are offering to normalize relations with Israel and reach an acceptable solution to the refugee problem in return for Israel's withdrawal to its pre-1967 borders. A Foreign Ministers Committee (chaired by Saudi Arabia and also comprising Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Syria and the Secretary-General of the Arab League) is to hold talks with the members of the UN Security Council, the Middle East Quartet and the EU, among others, with a view to gaining support for the efforts of the Arab League States. Jordan and Egypt will establish contact with Israel. Eventually, the Arab Peace Initiative is to be endorsed multilaterally as a document on which to base peace negotiations.

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