The West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem have been occupied by Israel since 1967. The German Government makes a strict distinction between the territory of the State of Israel and the occupied territories.Neither Germany nor the international community recognized the annexation of East Jerusalem by Israel in 1980.
The continued construction of settlements is one of the biggest obstacles to a two-state solution. The German Government is thus urging an end to the construction of Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territories.
There are a total of 133 Israeli settlements, of which 12 are to be found in East Jerusalem. In addition, there are about 100 outposts. All in all, around 500,000 settlers live in the occupied Palestinian territories, 200,000 of them in East Jerusalem.