25 years after gaining independence, Ukraine is facing the biggest challenges of its recent history. Russia’s annexation of Crimea in violation of international law and the military conflict in eastern Ukraine have placed the country under an enormous amount of strain.
Goal: democratic and economic stability based on the rule of law
The stability of the second largest country in Europe (after Russia), which has seven neighbouring countries – including four EU member states – is in jeopardy. Moreover, Ukraine is facing a serious political and economic crisis. The planned structural reforms are intended to tackle the obstacles of ossified bureaucracy, widespread corruption, the considerable influence of oligarchs over politics and serious shortcomings in the judicial system. The goal is the development of a state which is democratic, rooted in the rule of law and economically stable.
On the basis of the EU Association Agreement and the IMF financing programme, the Government in Kyiv has launched initial reforms in the judicial and financial fields as well as in the fight against corruption. However, measures in many spheres have not yet been implemented. The first steps have been taken in the development and expansion of infrastructure, in trade promotion and in the reform of the Ukrainian agricultural sector.
Engagement with European partners
In conjunction with its European partners, Germany is working hard to find a peaceful political settlement to the conflict and, together with France, has taken on a leading role in the Normandy Format. The German Government is providing humanitarian assistance for those affected by the conflict, including hundreds of thousands of displaced persons. Simultaneously to the international community’s aid programmes, and as a complement to them, the Federal Foreign Office is coordinating a comprehensive German Government plan of action in support of the reforms in Ukraine. Germany’s measures depend on the long‑term readiness and political will of the Ukrainian leadership to resolutely continue implementing the necessary reforms.