After the peaceful revolution, what comes next?
In 2019, peaceful protests by the Sudanese people led to the fall of President Bashir’s regime. The Sudanese military deposed the long-standing ruler and, under pressure from civil society, agreed with the opposition alliance on a civilian-led interim government, which began work in the autumn of 2019 under Prime Minister Hamdok.
The Government is facing huge challenges on the road to peace and democracy. In particular, it needs to overcome the acute economic crisis, which has been further heightened by the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, the Government is seeking a comprehensive, sustainable peace deal with the armed groups.
Conference in Paris to focus on economic issues
At the conference hosted by French President Emmanuel Macron in Paris on 17 and 18 May, the focus will be on economic issues. The aim of the conference is to officially launch the Sudan’s debt relief process and seek support from the private sector. In addition to Sudanese Prime Minister Hamdok, UN Secretary-General António Guterres, EU High Representative Josep Borrell and the heads of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank will attend the conference. Germany will be represented by Foreign Minister Maas.
Prior to his departure, Maas underlined:
Throughout the region, great hopes have been pinned on the success of the peaceful revolution in the Sudan. Women and young people in particular brought an end to 30 years of autocratic rule when they took to the streets of their country in 2019. The political and economic reform process poses challenges, but provides an historic opportunity to achieve greater peace, economic prospects and freedom for the people in the Sudan, with whom Germany has stood shoulder to shoulder from the very beginning.
Sudan partnership conference in Berlin in 2020
Germany has supported change in the Sudan from the start. In September 2019, Heiko Maas was the first western Foreign Minister to visit Khartoum after the peaceful revolution. The Sudan partnership conference co-organised by Germany in Berlin in June 2020 marked the start of the country’s reintegration into the international community. The conference achieved significant political support and raised financial assistance of 1.8 billion US dollars.
Germany also supports the Sudan at the bilateral level. It resumed bilateral development cooperation with the country in 2020, pledging 140 million euro, with the focus on promoting peace and social cohesion. Moreover, Germany provides humanitarian assistance to the Sudan, allocating 27.5 million euro to it in 2020, and supports the new UN mission UNITAMS led by Volker Perthes in terms of policy, financing and personnel.