At the international donor conference, support for Afghanistan will be secured for the next four years.
Decades of violent conflict have left their mark in Afghanistan and the situation has been exacerbated by the impact of natural disasters including earthquakes, droughts and floods. In recent years, people’s quality of life has been improved considerably. Life expectancy has increased by 20 years and all across the country people can access basic healthcare. The number of children attending school has increased nine-fold and women and girls now also have access to education and jobs. Per‑capita income has increased by 400% in the last 19 years. Yet, more than 40% of the Afghan population remains dependent on humanitarian assistance. The COVID‑19 pandemic is currently making the situation even more difficult. That is why Afghanistan continues to need international support.
International donor conference for Afghanistan
On 23 and 24 November, the international donor conference for Afghanistan is being held. Pledges are to be made by the international community to provide civilian support for Afghanistan for the time up until the end of the so‑called Transformation Decade in 2024. 66 countries and 32 international organisations will take part in the conference.
The payment of financial aid will be linked to the implementation of an agreed reform agenda in the country. The aim is to consolidate progress, above all regarding the rights of women, children and minorities. Foreign Minister Heiko Maas emphasised:
Afghans should also know that the international community stands by their side in these times of uncertainty. We are ready to enter into a renewed partnership until the end of the Transformation Decade in 2024. This partnership depends on Afghanistan’s commitment to democracy and the rule of law, to good governance and the fight against corruption, to the protection of human rights, especially the rights of women and minorities and to the political will to move forward in the peace process and to not play for time.
German support for Afghanistan’s reconstruction
Germany is the second-largest donor to Afghanistan and is continuing the substantial support it is giving the country. The Federal Government provides Afghanistan with up to 430 million euro of assistance every year. The financial assistance is used primarily for civilian reconstruction in the country, including building infrastructure, such as schools, roads and bridges, as well as providing training for police officers. A secure environment and improved quality of life are essential prerequisites if the country is to be stabilised in the long term. Furthermore, Germany supports civil society engagement with a particular focus on creating democratic structures and strengthening human rights. Germany is also supporting the intra-Afghan peace process by providing expertise in terms of technology and content.
The Federal Government also provides humanitarian assistance for Afghanistan. This focuses in particular on refugees and internally displaced persons, as well as disaster risk reduction and mine and ordnance clearance. In 2020, the Federal Government made available more than 20 million euro for humanitarian assistance for Afghanistan.