Bonn: center for international cooperation and sustainable development

05.09.2018 - Article

Bonn: global player for sustainable development

The city of Bonn
The City of Bonn © Bundesstadt Bonn/Michael Sondermann

In little more than two decades, Bonn has grown into a center where global challenges of the future are addressed, into a “powerhouse” of sustainability, centered on the UN. The UN Campus in the former parliamentary quarter on the banks of the Rhine is a visible symbol of this growth. The UN organi¬zations working here are embedded in a network of federal ministries, intergovernmental organizations and international non-governmental organizations, scientific institutions and businesses. In line with the motto of the United Nations in Bonn – “shaping a sustainable future” – they all join forces in a unique culture of creativity and cooperation.

“The Climate Change Conference in Bonn in 2017 showed that the UN city of Bonn can host large-scale, international conferences. By extending the UN campus, we are creating the opportunity to further enhance the existing centre of expertise. This will enable us to work together to tackle future challenges related to climate action and sus¬tainable development,” commented Svenja Schulze, Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.

In addition to the day-to-day work of the United Nations and its partners, Bonn’s role as a location for meetings and conventions also makes the city an important player on the international sustainabili¬ty scene. This is where the world community gathers for conferences addressing the key challenges of the future, such as biodiversity, climate protection or renewable energy.

“In Bonn, climate and sustainability policies are being made for the global level and implemented at the local level.” (Dr. Gerd Müller, Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development)

Bonn plays an active role in sustainable cities networks and also benefits from a major university and an outstanding local science and research community. The city has adopted the tagline “Sustainable Bonn” and makes a point of involving its inhabitants in numerous initiatives aimed at the business community and society at large. Notable examples are the Bonn Climate Ambassa¬dors or the local network for sustainable business Ökoprofit-Club. In 2010 Bonn was declared a FairTrade Town and became a part of the global movement of the same name. In May 2016 Bonn became one of four so-called Sustainability Hubs (“Netzstelle Nachhaltigkeit”) nationwide. In cooperation with countries of the global south, Bonn also engages in global project partnerships for municipal development cooperation.

Federal City: synergies for our global future

UN Campus with Post Tower
UN Campus with Post Tower © Volker Lannert

 Bonn looks back on five decades as the seat of the parliament and government of the Federal Republic of Germany. Since 1994 it enjoys the status of Federal City, making it the country’s second political center. 
The primary seats of six federal ministries, including the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), the Federal Ministry for Economic Coop¬eration and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Ministry of Edu-cation and Research (BMBF), are still located in Bonn, while other federal ministries have a second base in the city. Part of the Bonn base of the Federal Foreign Office is also a liaison office acting as the focal point for international organizations in Germany, thus underscoring the importance the Federal Government attaches to Bonn as Germany’s UN city. The liaison office deals with the political coordination of all matters related to the UN Campus and with all questions in connection with the establishment and status of international organizations in Germany. It also serves as a contact point for the staff members of those organizations and their families.
In addition to the federal ministries, numerous other federal government offices – such as the Federal Agency for Nature Con¬servation (BfN), the Federal Office for Food and Agriculture and the Bundesrechnungshof (Federal court of Auditors) – are located in Bonn. The German Commission for UNESCO has its head office in Bonn, and Bonn is one of two seats of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), which provides interna¬tional cooperation services for sustainable development. More¬over, the Federal City of Bonn still hosts a number of diplomatic and consular missions. Following the relocation of the German government and parliament to Berlin, Bonn has developed a unique profile as a competence center for international coopera¬tion and sustainable development. Nearly 1,000 staff members of around 20 UN agencies work at the UN Campus, located adjacent to the river promenade and with a view of the Siebengebirge nature conservation area. They are closely connected to numer¬ous players in the sustainability sector, including international organizations such as the Global Crop Diversity Trust, the IRENA Innovation and Technology Centre (IITC) and the IUCN Environ¬mental Law Centre (IUCN-ELC), and 150 national and interna¬tional non-governmental organizations. Scientific and academic institutions and innovative businesses complement the interna¬tional environment. 
Another asset for the UN and other Bonn-based international organizations: Bonn also plays an important role in the context of today’s globalized media. Germany’s international broadcaster Deutsche Welle has its head office in the immediate vicinity of the UN Campus and sustainability-related topics are one of its focus areas. Deutsche Welle produces TV programs and disseminates online information in 30 languages and reaches 118 million peo¬ple around the globe. The public service channels Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) and Phoenix, a Bonn-based current affairs and documentation channel, regularly report on UN activities.






International conference location: focus on sustainability

The city of Bonn is one of Germany’s top-ranked conference cities. Since the opening of its main building in June 2015, the World Con¬ference Center Bonn (WorldCCBonn) has become established as one of the most modern congress centres in Europe and has increasingly attracted conferences and meetings of all kinds. The conference centre can accommodate up to 7000 people. 
The biggest international conference to be held in Germany to date, the UN Climate Change Conference (COP23), attended by 22,000 delegates, took place in the WorldCCBonn and special¬ly erected temporary buildings in 2017. The UN SDG Action Campaign used the WorldCCBonn’s conference facilities, located right next to the UN Campus, to host the Global Festival of Ideas in 2017 and the Global Festival of Action for Sustainable Develop¬ment in 2018. Numerous other events in the conference centre in Bonn have been devoted to global issues, including the G20 For¬eign Ministers’ Meeting in February 2017, the Global Landscapes Forum in December 2017, the yearly meeting of the UNFCCC Subsidiary Bodies, and the annual Deutsche Welle Global Media Forum. A further highlight is the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) Partnerships Forum, launched at the WorldCCBonn in 2014 and 2016. Organisations such as ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability (a global network of cities whose current President is the Mayor of Bonn and which established the Resilient Cities conference series), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and the Biodiversity Network Bonn (BION) also make use of the conference facilities. 
And sustainability is not just the subject of conferences taking place in Bonn. The concept is also embraced by conference orga¬nizers throughout the city. Since 2006 numerous hotels, caterers and event venues in Bonn have joined the network “Sustainable Bonn – Konferenzort der Nachhaltigkeit” and continually review the sustainability of their activities. COP23 was the first UN Climate Change Conference to gain official EMAS certification for eco-friendly performance.

Conference venue of sustainability - the World Conference Center Bonn
Conference venue of sustainability - the World Conference Center Bonn © AA




Science and research: Europe’s number one

No other part of Europe offers as dense a concentration of research institutions and technology companies as the region of North Rhine-Westphalia comprising the cities of Aachen, Bonn and Cologne, all of which boast outstanding universities. Bonn, where the primary seat of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research is located, is an international science and research hub that contributes to promoting sustainable development the world over. The Bonn-based scientific institutions, international organizations and the University of Bonn, which was founded in 1818 and has 34,000 students from 138 countries, cooperate in numerous ways to address future-oriented issues such as human security, climate and water research, biodiversity or food security. In May 2014 the City of Bonn and the University of Bonn signed a memorandum of cooperation. It aims to better showcase Bonn’s unique selling point (a strong UN presence complemented by 13 
a sustainability cluster) by establishing and enhancing strategic partnerships between scientific and non-scientific actors and presenting them in innovative event formats. 
The University of Bonn, not least its traditionally strong faculty of agriculture, its noted institute of geography, its renowned bo-tanical gardens and the Zoological Research Museum Alexander Koenig, are conducting sustainability-related research in a variety of disciplines. A joint MSc program entitled “Geography of Environ¬mental Risk and Human Security” has been successfully launched by the University of Bonn and the United Nations University (UNU). It offers the first Master’s degree to be jointly conferred by UNU and another university. “By promoting UNU we are underscoring our commitment to Bonn as an international center of science and research”, notes Dr. Georg Schütte, State Secretary at BMBF.
Bonn’s already vibrant scientific landscape received further stim¬ulus through the relocation of the first UN Secretariats to the city, which also added an international perspective. Thus, in 1997, one year after the first UN agencies relocated to Bonn, the University of Bonn launched its Center for Development Research (ZEF). Sustainability is one of the thematic focus areas of the Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg, University of Applied Sciences (H-BRS), which offers a CSR and NGO program. And the German Development Institute (DIE) has become one of the world’s leading think tanks. 

Caesar - center of advanced european studies and research in Bonn
Caesar - center of advanced european studies and research in Bonn © Bundesstadt Bonn/Michael Sondermann

The Biodiversity Network Bonn (BION) is another successful ex¬ample of targeted cooperation by a broad range of actors. It now counts nearly 60 member institutions and works to establish links between various scientific disciplines and renowned international, national and regional institutions. The German national aero¬nautics and space research center, DLR, which contributes among other things to the work of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) and of the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergen¬cy Response (UN-SPIDER), is also based in Bonn. Moreover, Bonn is home to six Fraunhofer Institutes and to the Bonn Internation¬al Center for Conversion (BICC).
The Bonn Alliance for Sustainability Research, established in 2017, is an association of institutions from the University of Bonn, the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), the BICC, the German Development Institute/Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) and the Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences. The Alliance aims to strengthen research in the field of sustainable development and global change and to further develop the many different competences in this area.



In the heart of Europe: city of short distances

UN Campus Bonn and Rhine river
UN Campus Bonn and Rhine river © UN/Volker Lannert

Bonn is located in the heart of Europe, within easy reach of European metropolises such as Brussels, London or Paris. And mobility is an important location factor for Bonn as a UN city. Three international airports (Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf and Frankfurt) connect Bonn to the rest of the world. Cologne/Bonn airport is only 22 kilometers from the city center and reachable in less than half an hour by public transport. Berlin, Brussels or Paris are accessible by high-speed trains such as the ICE or the Thalys. Bonn is also linked to a dense highway network, which makes the major European cities easy to reach.
The city of Bonn itself offers a well-connected public transport system comprising streetcars, subways, commuter trains, buses and several ferries across the Rhine. The UN Campus is easily accessible by public transport within Bonn, service frequency is high. A dedicated “Bonn UN Campus” train station began operat¬ing in 2017.
A dense system of bike paths makes biking a popular way to reach the office in Bonn. After all, Bonn is a city of short dis¬tances and you are never more than about twenty minutes away from any given point in the city. This contributes to the high quality of life in Bonn. 








Lovable green city: a great place to live

Bonn – a city with a distinctly European flavor in the south of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia – is very densely populated: 320,000 people live in an area of 141 square kilometers. Nevertheless, Bonn is very green, with a high proportion of forests and nature and landscape protection areas. A modern city of manageable proportions and with a strong urban character, Bonn is among the cities with the highest quality of life in Germany. The liberal Rhenish way of life, outstanding infrastructure and a broad offer of cultural and leisure activities as well as high environmen¬tal standards all combine to make Bonn a great place to live. 
Due to these qualities, Bonn attracts a highly qualified workforce, service providers and young college graduates. In fact, Bonn is the German city with the highest proportion of university graduates. The cost of living is moderate compared to other cities worldwide, all types of services and shopping facilities are readily available, in¬cluding those catering to environment-minded consumers. In Bonn you will find low-priced everyday goods, luxury items and products from all parts of the world. 
The Bonn real estate market offers high-quality housing at relatively affordable prices. Offers range from the sophisticat¬ed Wilhelminian style buildings in Bonn’s Südstadt district to single-family homes in leafy suburban neighborhoods. In the residential areas, yet close to nature, safe playgrounds, sports facilities and public swimming pools, as well as numerous cultural opportunities geared to the needs of families create a family-friendly environment. 
Bonn is a multicultural city with an international feel where people from around the world are welcome and quickly feel at home, surrounded by a multitude of languages and cultures. The population of Bonn is traditionally multicultural and cosmopolitan. Some 25 percent of the 165,000 people gainfully employed in Bonn hold a university degree. People from 175 nations live together peacefully in Bonn, making the city highly diverse in cultural, ethnic, religious and linguistic terms. 7 percent of its inhabitants have a non-German passport. And Bonn, Beethoven’s birthplace, the venue of world fa¬mous musical events such as the annual Beethoven Festival and the Schumann Festival as well as the location of the attractive “Museum Mile” and numerous other museums, is also a tourist magnet, with 1.5 million overnight stays per year.
The city is also an international leader in health care and modern medicine. The city’s medical facilities include over 20 hospitals, specialized outpatient services, daycare hospitals and the Bonn University Hospital, which has 30 clinical departments and 20 re-search departments. Some 2,700 doctors representing 40 medical fields work in doctor’s offices and hospitals across Bonn. 24,700 people in Bonn are employed in the healthcare sector.




City of learning: international and multicultural

Different nations celebrate UN Day in front of the Old Town House
Different nations celebrate UN Day in front of the Old Town House © Bundesstadt Bonn/Jörg Sänger

Bonn is a city of learning that offers a wide variety of schools and other educational institutions. In Germany’s UN city several inter-national schools, such as the Bonn International School (BIS) and the Independent Bonn International School (IBIS), international bilingual schools and kindergartens look back on a long tradition and cater to the educational needs of expat children. Tuition fees are low compared to other cities worldwide. There are 50 all-day schools and 100 general or vocational secondary schools. Munic¬ipal and private kindergartens are available for the very young. In the immediate vicinity of the UN Campus there is an internation¬al daycare center for children of UN staff members that admits children from the age of 4 months up to school age.
Starting in elementary school, a number of options for na¬tive-language instruction are available in Bonn. In addition to the German high school diploma (Abitur), students in Bonn can obtain the international baccalaureate (IB) or the French “Bac”. The city also offers second chance education and special multicultural educational profiles. Schools in Bonn engage in constructive cooperation with the University of Bonn and offer ample opportunity to spark children’s fascination for science.






UN-Organizations in Bonn

Bonn Rheinaue Park
Bonn Rheinaue Park © Volker Lannert

United Nations Organizations in Bonn


Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


Secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification


United Nations Volunteers program


United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Action Campaign


Sekretariat des Übereinkommens zur Erhaltung der wandernden wildlebenden Tierarten


Secretariat of the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds


Secretariat of the Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North-East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas


Secretariat of the Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats


Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services


UNESCO International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training


United Nations University Vice Rectorate in Europe


United Nations University, Vice-Rectorate in Europe, Operating Unit SCYCLE


United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security


United Nations System Staff College, Knowledge Centre for Sustainable Development


World Health Organisation – Regional Office for Europe, European Centre for Environment and Health


United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction – Bonn Office


United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response


United Nations World Tourism Organisation, Consulting Unit on Tourism and Biodiversity


United Nations Regional Information Centre for Western Europe – German Liaison Office


Other Bonn-based international organizations include:

The Global Crop Diversity Trust


IRENA Innovation and Technology Centre


IUCN Environmental Law Centre (ELC)


The United Nations in Bonn: a brief chronology

Flag of the UN in front of the UN Tower in Bonn
Flag of the UN in front of the UN Tower in Bonn © Bundesstadt Bonn/Michael Sondermann

  • 1951: The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) establishes a liaison office in Bonn.
  • 1979: The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), also known as the Bonn Convention, is adopted and opened for signature in Bonn.
  • 1984: The UNEP/CMS Secretariat is established in Bonn.
  • 1990: Following German unification and the decision of the German Parliament to relocate parts of the Federal Government and parliament to Berlin, the Federal Government, the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the City of Bonn step up their joint efforts to establish and develop Bonn as a UN city.
  • 1994: The Act for the implementation of the enactment of the German Bundestag of 20 June 1991 for the completion of the German unity (Berlin-Bonn Act) enters into force. It enshrines Bonn’s role as a center of development policy and as a host city for national, international und supranational institutions.
  • 1996: The UN flag is hoisted outside of Haus Carstanjen. UNV, UNFCCC, UNIC (now UNRIC) are the first UN agencies to move into the historic buildings, followed by CMS and Eurobats.
  • 1998 to 2000: ASCOBANS, UNCCD and AEWA move into Haus Carstanjen.
  • 2001: The European Centre for Environment and Health (WHO-ECEH) of the World Health Organization’s Regional Office for Europe is set up at Langer Eugen (named after Eugen Gerstenmeier, a former president of the German Bundestag).
  • 2002: The UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training opens at Langer Eugen.
  • 2003: The Federal Government, in agreement with the City of Bonn, decides to make former buildings of the Bundestag and a large lot in the former parliamentary quarter available to the UN. Construction of the UN Campus commences.
    The Institute for Environment and Human Security of the United Nations University (UNU-EHS) opens in Bonn.
  • 2004: UN/ISDR, the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction – Platform for the Promotion of Early Warning, is set up in Bonn. A liaison office of the Brussels-based United Nations Regional Information Center (UNRIC) opens in Bonn (and replaces UNIC).
  • 2006: Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel hands over the new UN premises, situated on historic ground, to then-Secretary General Kofi Annan. From now on, the UN flag flies in front of the “Langer Eugen” office tower on the banks of the Rhine.
    The UNWTO Consulting Unit on Biodiversity and Tourism for Tsunami-affected countries is set up at the UN Campus.
  • 2007: The International Human Dimension Programme on Global Environmental Change (UNU-IHDP), the Vice Rectorate in Europe of the United Nations University (UNU-ViE), the UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development (UNW-DPC) and the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UNOOSA/UN-SPIDER) open their offices at the UN Campus.
  • 2010: UNU-ISP moves to the UN Campus.
  • 2013: The UN move into a further building on the UN Campus, the so-called “Altes Abgeordnetenhochhaus”, which houses parts of UNFCCC. On the initiative of the Federal Government the building was refurbished and expanded so as to meet exemplary ecological standards.
  • 2014: The Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) opens its office at Langer Eugen.
  • 2015: The new conference space of the WorldCCBonn is inaugurated in the presence of Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and Federal Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier. The Federal Government, the City of Bonn and the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia invested considerable sums into the building.
  • 2016: The UNSSC Knowledge Centre for Sustainable Development and the UN Sustainable Development Goals Action Campaign move into Haus Carstanjen. The cornerstone of a new building for the UN Campus is laid. The office tower, which will be certified in accordance with the most stringent ecological standards, will comprise an additional 330 offices.
  • Outlook to 2020: The Federal Government, the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the City of Bonn work towards the further growth of Bonn as a UN city. Related activities include the establishment of further UN agencies in Bonn, support for UN conferences, support for individual UN projects and a further enlargement of the Bonn International School (BIS).








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