Council of the Baltic Sea States
The Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS) was established in 1992 at the initiative of the foreign ministers of Germany and Denmark, in order to stabilise and support the political and economic transition of the Baltic Sea region. Its membership comprises the nine states actually on the Baltic Sea – Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and Sweden – as well as Norway, Iceland and the EU. Since its inception, the Council of the Baltic Sea States has developed a broad network of inter‑state cooperation in numerous sectors spanning the Baltic Sea and North-Western Russia. In 2014, the Council of the Baltic Sea States agreed on three new long‑term priorities:
- Fostering regional identity
- Developing a sustainable and prosperous region
- Creating a safe and secure region
The CBSS Secretariat is based in Stockholm. The Council Presidency rotates between the members on an annual basis. Sweden took over from Iceland in July 2017 followed by Latvia in July 2018.
Further information is available at www.cbss.org.
EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region
The EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR) is the first of the EU’s four macro-regional strategies, and as such is a pilot project for a new form of cooperation within the EU. Its remit is regional strategic planning for the Baltic Sea states, coordinated through the EU. Overall direction is supplied by the Council of the European Union; in addition, the Strategy and Action Plan are evaluated every two years. The Action Plan focuses on three objectives:
- Saving the sea
- Connecting the region
- Increasing prosperity.
Annual forums are held to present EUSBSR projects. .The 9th Annual Forum will be hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia in June 2017 and will centre on the theme of “After 2020”.
Further information is available at www.balticsea-region-strategy.eu.
The Northern Dimension is a joint regional policy of four partners: the EU, Russia, Norway and Iceland. It provides a joint framework for dialogue and cooperation with a view to fostering integration, competitiveness and sustainable development. The Northern Dimension covers a broad geographical area in northern Europe, including the far north (and the Barents Sea region), the Baltic Sea region and north‑western Russia. Since the Northern Dimension was renewed in 2006, it has operated through four sectoral partnerships: the Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership (NDEP), the Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture (NDCP), the Northern Dimension Partnership in Public Health and Social Well‑being (NDPHS) and the Northern Dimension Partnership on Transport and Logistics (NDPTL). The science and business communities are involved in the work of the Northern Dimension through the Northern Dimension Institute (NDI) and the Northern Dimension Business Council (NDBC).
Further information is available at www.northerndimension.info.
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Tourism):
Interreg B for the Baltic Sea: