The European Union Border Assistance Mission in Rafah was established in 2005 to act as a third party to the Israeli-Palestinian Agreement on Movement and Access (AMA) and support the work of local forces at the Palestinian-Egyptian border crossing in Rafah after the Israeli withdrawal. In this context, EUBAM’s job is to monitor and evaluate the local forces’ work without its own executive powers and to contribute to confidence building between the parties.
The mission’s activities were suspended in June 2007 when the border crossing was closed after Hamas came to power, and its staff of nearly 90 was reduced to fewer than 20 people. However, the size of the mission’s staff can be increased again at short notice should circumstances at the border change. Germany makes a very small contribution to the staff.