The European Union Monitoring Mission in Georgia was established in September 2008. Its purpose is to monitor compliance with the Six‑Point Agreement on the ceasefire, which was signed after the end of open hostilities between Russia and Georgia in August 2008. Next to Georgia and Russia, the parties to the Agreement include representatives of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, regions which are part of Georgia but which a few countries have recognized as independent states.
EUMM is intended to help normalize the situation, by making it possible for refugees to return home, for example, and contributing to confidence building between the parties. In practice, however, it has no access to the two provinces of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
The mission has around 300 international members and about 100 local personnel; Germany provides around 35 staff.