Republic of Moldova
Last updated in October 2013
Political relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Moldova are amicable and untroubled and have steadily intensified in recent years. On 30 April 2012, Germany and the Republic of Moldova celebrated the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations.
Germany is a major partner of the Republic of Moldova as it seeks to move closer to Europe and is held in high esteem. This is also true of German support for the negotiation process to resolve the Transnistria conflict. Bilateral relations are reinforced by numerous official visits. In June 2010, Federal Foreign Minister Westerwelle visited European Union neighbour Moldova, the first German foreign minister to do so. A number of Moldovan government ministers make regular visits to Germany, the most recent being that by Foreign Minister Leancă (now Prime Minister) in March 2012. The Chairman of the German Bundestag’s Committee on Foreign Affairs, Ruprecht Polenz, was guest of honour at the celebrations marking the 20th anniversary of the Republic of Moldova’s independence in Chişinău on 27 August 2011. Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development Dirk Niebel paid a two-day visit to the Republic of Moldova in May 2012. Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel visited the Republic of Moldova on 22 August 2012. She encouraged the country to continue its efforts to move closer to the European Union. In September 2013, State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Health Thomas Ilka travelled to the Republic of Moldova, his second trip to the country. A German-Moldovan Forum has been set up in both Berlin and Chişinău, which is seeking to step up and strengthen contacts in the political, economic, cultural, scientific and academic spheres.
Germany’s political foundations and the German Foundation for International Legal Cooperation (IRZ) strongly support the transformation process in Moldova. Every year, a number of Moldovans take advantage of the German Bundestag’s International Parliamentary Internships programme.
Germany is one of the Republic of Moldova’s most important Western trading partners and is among the principal importers from and exporters to Moldova. In 2012, Germany ranked sixth as a supplier of imports to the Republic of Moldova and eighth as a buyer of the country’s exports. German companies have made a number of major direct investments in the country, for example in the automotive supply industry. Moldovan hopes of further intensifying economic relations through more joint ventures have so far been fulfilled to a limited extent only, in part because of corruption, bureaucracy and problems in planning and implementing investment promotion measures. German companies, too, are currently showing growing renewed interest in Moldova as an investment destination. Beginning in late 2013, an extensive privatisation programme is planned, which could offer opportunities for entering the Moldovan market. The signing of an Association Agreement with the EU (including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement, DCFTA) is expected to have a positive effect on the conditions for trade with and investment in the Republic of Moldova.
The Federal government has been engaged in development cooperation with the Republic of Moldova since 1993. So far, Germany has made available a total of EUR 58 million in development cooperation with the country. In 2013, German bilateral development assistance commitments are worth EUR 19.4 million. German development cooperation with Moldova focuses on promoting sustainable economic development and supporting efforts to move the country closer to the EU.
Cultural relations between Germany and Moldova have further intensified in recent years. Both the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and the Robert Bosch Foundation have representatives there. Relations are enlivened by the provision of teaching and learning resources to promote the German language, an intensive DAAD scholarship programme, further-training courses for teachers in Germany and a lively exchange of scientists and academics in cooperation with the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. Partnering with a library in Chişinău, the Goethe Institute runs a German Reading Room, which attracts students and teachers of German from all over the country as well as interested visitors. The German Cultural Centre AKZENTE is an official Goethe Institute partner.
In 2009, two Moldovan schools were admitted to the Schools – Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH). At a third PASCH school, it is possible to obtain the German Language Diploma. In the area of music, too, there is extensive cooperation between German conductors and musicians and Moldovan orchestras.