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Moldova

Republic of Moldova

Last updated in April 2017

Politics

Political relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Moldova are amicable and have been consolidated in recent years.

Germany is a major partner in Moldova's efforts to move closer to Europe and is held in high esteem. This is also true of German support for the negotiation process to resolve the Transdniestria conflict.

Bilateral relations are reinforced by numerous official visits. Moldovan ministers and other high-level representatives of government and parliament make regular visits to Germany. Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel visited the Republic of Moldova on 22 August 2012. Then Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier and his French counterpart Laurent Fabius travelled to Moldova in April 2014. From 25 to 26 July 2016, Foreign Minister Steinmeier visited Moldova in his capacity as Chairperson-in-Office of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).

Germany’s political foundations and the German Foundation for International Legal Cooperation (IRZ) support the transformation process and political dialogue in the Republic of Moldova. Every year, a number of Moldovans take advantage of the German Bundestag’s International Parliamentary Scholarships (IPS) scheme.


Economy

The Federal Republic of Germany is one of the Republic of Moldova’s most important Western trading partners. 

Germany is also one of Moldova’s key trading partners globally. In 2016, Germany was the fourth largest importer of Moldovan goods and the fourth largest exporter of goods to the Republic of Moldova. German companies have made major direct investments in the country, for example in the automotive supply industry. Moldovan hopes of further intensifying economic relations through more joint ventures have so far been fulfilled only to a limited extent, in part because of corruption, bureaucracy and problems in planning and implementing investment promotion measures. 

The Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) and the additional liberalisation measures adopted by the European Union to soften the blow of Russian trade restrictions are having a positive impact on Moldova’s economy. Moldovan exports to the European Union increased by 9.4 percent in 2016 from the previous year, while the country’s imports from the European Union rose by 1 percent during the same period.


Development cooperation

The German Government has been engaged in development cooperation with the Republic of Moldova since 1992. So far, Germany has made available a total of more than 120 million euros in development cooperation with the country. The most recent intergovernmental negotiations on development cooperation were held in June 2014. At these, the German Government pledged the Moldovan Government another 14.3 million euros for bilateral development measures. In November 2015, 21.865 million euros were pledged through an exchange of notes. In late 2016, Germany pledged an additional 10 million euros for water supply projects. German development cooperation with Moldova focuses on the priority areas of democracy, civil society, public administration and decentralisation, as well as on promoting sustainable economic development.


Culture and education

Cultural relations between Germany and Moldova have further intensified in recent years. Both the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and the Robert Bosch Stiftung have representatives in the country. Relations are enlivened by the provision of teaching and learning resources to promote the German language, an intensive DAAD scholarship programme, further-training courses for teachers in Germany and a lively exchange of scientists and academics in cooperation with the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. The Goethe-Institut, in cooperation with a library in Chisinau, runs the German Reading Room, which attracts students and teachers of German from all over the country as well as interested visitors. The Deutsches Kulturzentrum Akzente is an official partner of the Goethe-Institut. 

Four Moldovan schools are members of the Schools – Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH). At one of them, it is possible to obtain the German Language Certificate (DSD). In the area of music, too, there is extensive cooperation between German conductors and musicians and Moldovan orchestras.

Disclaimer: 

This text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.

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