Republic of Moldova
Last updated in February 2014
Political relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Moldova are amicable and untroubled and have steadily intensified in recent years. On 30 April 2012, Germany and the Republic of Moldova celebrated the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations. 2014 marks the 200th anniversary of the immigration of German settlers, who became known as Bessarabia Germans. The occasion will be celebrated with a series of events in May 2014.
Germany is a major partner of the Republic of Moldova as it seeks to move closer to Europe and is held in high esteem. This is also true of German support for the negotiation process to resolve the Transnistria conflict. Bilateral relations are reinforced by numerous official visits. A number of Moldovan government ministers and high-ranking officials make regular visits to Germany, the most recent being that by Prime Minister Leancă in October 2013. Moldova’s Parliament Speaker Igor Corman visited Germany in November 2013. Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel visited the Republic of Moldova on 22 August 2012. She encouraged the country to continue its efforts to move closer to the European Union. A German-Moldovan Forum has been set up in both Berlin and Chişinău, which is seeking to step up and strengthen contacts in the political, economic, cultural, scientific and academic spheres.
Germany’s political foundations and the German Foundation for International Legal Cooperation (IRZ) strongly support the transformation process in Moldova. Every year, a number of Moldovans take advantage of the German Bundestag’s International Parliamentary Internships programme.
Germany is one of the Republic of Moldova’s most important Western trading partners and is among the principal importers from and exporters to Moldova. In 2013, Germany ranked fifth as a supplier of imports to the Republic of Moldova and sixth as a buyer of the country’s exports. German companies have made a number of major direct investments in the country, for example in the automotive supply industry. In 2012, German direct investment in Moldova was worth a total of approximately USD 159 million, of which USD 24 million was invested in the country’s banking sector. Moldovan hopes of further intensifying economic relations through more joint ventures have so far been fulfilled to a limited extent only, in part because of corruption, bureaucracy and problems in planning and implementing investment promotion measures. German companies, too, are currently showing growing renewed interest in Moldova as an investment destination, the focus being on the country’s free enterprise zones. In late 2013, a limited number of privatisations took place and more are planned for the period after the next parliamentary elections. The signing of an Association Agreement with the EU (including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement, DCFTA) is expected to have a positive effect on the conditions for trade with and investment in the Republic of Moldova.
The Federal government has been engaged in development cooperation with the Republic of Moldova since 1993. So far, Germany has made available a total of more than EUR 58 million in development cooperation with the country. In October 2013, the Federal Government stabilised the appropriations for bilateral development assistance at EUR 15.5 million. German development cooperation with Moldova focuses on promoting sustainable economic development and supporting efforts to move the country closer to the EU.
Cultural relations between Germany and Moldova have further intensified in recent years. Both the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and the Robert Bosch Foundation have representatives there. Relations are enlivened by the provision of teaching and learning resources to promote the German language, an intensive DAAD scholarship programme, further-training courses for teachers in Germany and a lively exchange of scientists and academics in cooperation with the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. Partnering with a library in Chişinău, the Goethe Institute runs the German Reading Room, which attracts students and teachers of German from all over the country as well as interested visitors. The German cultural centre Akzente is an official Goethe Institute partner.
Three Moldovan schools are members of the Schools – Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH). At one of them, it is possible to obtain the German Language Diploma. In the area of music, too, there is extensive cooperation between German conductors and musicians and Moldovan orchestras.