European Foreign Policy

Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)

The entry into force of the Maastricht Treaty of 1993 transformed European Political Cooperation (EPC) into the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). The Lisbon Treaty of 2009 further strengthened the CFSP. more

Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP)

The CSDP enables the EU to use civilian, police and military instruments to cover the full spectrum of crisis prevention and management responsibilities.


The European External Action Service (EEAS)

The Treaty of Lisbon, which entered into force on 1 December 2009, created the European External Action Service (EEAS). The EEAS supports the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini. more

European Neighbourhood Policy

Fostering close and amicable relations between the EU and its neighbours is a key priority for Germany’s foreign policy. The European Neighbourhood Policy was developed in 2004, with Germany providing considerable input, to promote prosperity, security, stability as well as rule-of-law and democratic structures. more

The Eastern Partnership 

The Eastern Partnership has placed the EU’s relations with its direct neighbours on a new footing and enhanced them across the whole spectrum. Besides promoting political, economic and societal ties with partner countries, it offers support for their political and socio‑economic reform agenda. more

The Union for the Mediterranean

The Union for the Mediterranean was established during a formal summit in Paris on 13 July 2008. It provides an enhanced framework for the EU’s Mediterranean policy, which was launched at the Euro-Mediterranean Foreign Ministers Conference in Barcelona in 1995 (which is why it was originally known as the Barcelona Process). more

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