Insights into the Archive's Work
This page provides introductions to specific topics relating to German foreign policy, including key documents available online as well as information on further links and any Political Archive holdings that may be of relevance.
Resistance in the Foreign Office during the Third Reich
Ulrich von Hassell – diplomat and member of the resistance
During the National Socialist era the Foreign Office was by no means a centre of resistance. Even if possibly the vilest masterminds of the mass murders were not based in the Wilhelmstrasse, the Foreign Office certainly reflected the whole spectrum of opinion on the regime ranging from approval to opportunistic support and outright opposition.
The Ostpolitik of the Federal Republic of Germany
The treaties signed by Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt and Foreign Minister Walter Scheel in Moscow on 12 August 1970 and in Warsaw on 7 December 1970 were the subject of fierce controversy at home. Internationally, however, they were seen as a great achievement for German foreign policy and in 1971 Brandt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for services to détente.
The Two plus Four Treaty and German reunification
Signing of the Two plus Four Treaty
After the fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 German unity was finally within grasp, but at international level it could become reality only with the consent of the victorious allies of World War II. The domestic aspects of German unity were a matter for negotiation between the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the first democratically elected Government of the German Democratic Republic. The Treaty on the Establishment of German Unity was signed on 31 August 1990.
You can view here previous and current exhibitions curated by the Political Archive.
German foreign policy: new beginnings 1949-1957
Exhibition for the Federal Foreign Office Open Day 2009.
Last updated 17.11.2009