Last updated in February 2016


Turkmenistan sees Germany as a preferred partner in the realm of foreign policy, along with the Russian Federation, China, Turkey and the United States. Political relations between the two countries are steadily growing in intensity.

Germany and Turkmenistan have held annual political consultations since 2011.


Economic relations between the two countries are good but there is still room for improvement. Germany is Turkmenistan’s principal foreign trading partner in the European Union. German products are held in high regard, especially in the technology and health care sectors.

Turkmenistan participates in a number of regional development cooperation projects.

In 2014, bilateral trade was worth EUR 414.3 million. The figures in detail:

  • German imports from Turkmenistan were worth EUR 138.7 million in 2014, compared with EUR 9.7 million in 2013.
  • German exports to Turkmenistan amounted to EUR 275.5 million in 2014, compared with EUR 388.4 million in 2013.
  • Turkmenistan ranked third among Germany’s Central Asian trading partners in 2014, behind Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

There are approximately 100 registered projects involving German investments or partners in Turkmenistan.

More than 50 German companies, such as Wintershall/BASF and RWE, operate there, including 19 with registered offices or German representatives.

The following bilateral agreements are in place:

  • air transport agreement of 19 February 2001
  • investment protection and promotion agreement of 28 August 1997, in force since 19 February 2001
  • double taxation agreement of 24 November 1981 (continuing in force, currently under revision)

There is a German Business Delegate for Central Asia based in Almaty (Kazakhstan).

Germany and Turkmenistan run a bilateral further-training programme for managers, under which some 25 participants are invited to Germany every year.


Cultural relations between the two countries are based on the cultural agreement that came into force in 2002. Since President Berdymukhamedov took office, there has also been a gradual opening in Turkmenistan in terms of cultural exchange.

There is keen interest in the scholarships offered by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and there are three DAAD-seconded academic teachers working in Turkmenistan.

In 2009, the first Turkmen partner school was recruited to the worldwide Schools: Partners for the Future network and a second partner school joined the network in 2013. A German federal programme teacher has been working in Ashgabat since September 2013.

German Embassy language courses for adults have been held in cooperation with the Goethe Institute since November 2013.

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