The Weimar Triangle

The Weimar Triangle was established on 29 August 1991 by a joint declaration issued in Weimar by the Foreign Ministers of Germany, Poland and France. It was intended to bear witness to the successful reconciliation process that had brought Germany closer to its two largest immediate neighbours to the west and east after the horrors of the Second World War. The three partners have held regular consultations on European and foreign policy matters ever since.

The Franco-German friendship was set on a solid footing back in the early 1960s with the Élysée Treaty. Not until the disappearance of the Iron Curtain which divided Europe right up until 1989, however, was it possible to seal this special relationship with our eastern partner Poland. 

Whereas the initial priority was to integrate the new democracies of Central and Eastern Europe, and particularly Poland, into the European Community, the goal changed after the European Union’s enlargement to include several new countries in 2004. The main idea now is to create a forum of equal partners at the heart of Europe. Two of the three founding fathers celebrated the 20th anniversary of the Weimar Triangle in the city on 29 August 2011.

Regular exchange on European and foreign policy issues

The French, Polish and German flags outside the Weimar City Hall

The French, Polish and German flags outside the Weimar City Hall
© picture-alliance/dpa

Bild vergrößern
The French, Polish and German flags outside the Weimar City Hall

The French, Polish and German flags outside the Weimar City Hall

The French, Polish and German flags outside the Weimar City Hall

Trilateral meetings are held at various levels to discuss European and foreign policy matters. A meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the Weimar Triangle took place in Berlin on 29 February 2012. The broad agenda ranged from the European debt crisis to developments taking place in Syria and Belarus. The Weimar Triangle Ministers for European Affairs also convene regularly to consult one another: They most recently met in Heilbronn in mid-July 2013.

On 7 February 2011 Federal Chancellor Merkel met Poland’s President Komorowski and the then French President Sarkozy in Warsaw. They decided to develop the activities of the Franco-German and German-Polish Youth Offices to generate trilateral youth work. With Poland’s help, Germany and France also want to further intensify the EU’s cooperation with its eastern neighbours.

“Weimar Triangle of Culture”

The Weimar Triangle is to be given a new cultural dimension in future. A major focus will be placed on projects which allow direct contact between people from the three countries, so as to strengthen their confidence in this friendship and cooperation. Specific emphasis is to be given to civil society engagement in the Weimar Triangle.

Last updated 13.12.2013

Angela Merkel and Donald Tusk

German-Polish relations

Following Germany’s reunification in 1990 and the radical changes in Central and Eastern Europe, German-Polish relations developed impressive impetus. Political dialogue and the network of ties between the two societies intensified on the basis of the German-Polish Treaty of 17 June 1991 on Good-Neighbourliness, Friendship and Cooperation. The friendly partnership Germany and Poland enjoy is expressed by their lively exchange and the many visits paid at the highest level of politics.


French President François Hollande on his first official visit to Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel, 15 May 2012

Franco-German cooperation

In terms of cooperation with the 28 EU member states, the Franco-German partnership holds a particularly prominent position because of its history, intensity and special institutional architecture. In the immediate aftermath of the Second War World, pursuing Franco-German reconciliation and generating a partnership were the core tasks that provided the starting point for the process of European integration.


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