Last updated in March 2017
Bilateral political relations between Germany and Peru are marked by friendship and mutual trust. Germany supports Peru’s state modernisation, including strengthening institutions and the civil service at various government levels and promoting civil society participation. In development cooperation, Germany is also helping to improve urban water management and wastewater disposal and is involved in nature conservation projects and measures to combat climate change.
There has recently been a marked increase in the number of high-level visits, these being particularly frequent in 2015. The then-Federal Foreign Minister Steinmeier and the then-Federal President Gauck visited Peru for talks in February and March 2015 respectively. There were also numerous visits by other government ministers, state secretaries and members of the German Bundestag. In September 2016, the Minister-President of Land Hesse, Bouffier, travelled to Peru.
Germany is a major trading partner of Peru’s, supplying high quality capital goods and importing from Peru raw materials and agricultural products. The principal German imports from Peru are mineral resources as well as fish meal, asparagus and coffee. Germany’s main exports to Peru are motor vehicles, machinery of all kinds, electrical goods and pharmaceutical products.
After a weak year in 2015, the volume of trade between Germany and Peru increased again in 2016 to 2.12 billion US dollars. There was once again a balance of trade surplus (of 214 million US dollars) in Germany’s favour, compared with 200 million US dollars in 2015. In 2016, Peru’s exports to Germany totalled 956 million US dollars and its imports from Germany 1.17 billion US dollars. A German-Peruvian investment protection agreement has been in force since 1997. No bilateral double taxation agreement has yet been concluded. A free trade agreement also exists between the EU and Peru, Colombia and Ecuador.
A bilateral treaty on cooperation in the fields of raw materials, industry and technology entered into force at the beginning of 2015. This partnership provides for closer cooperation in areas including the implementation of international environmental and social standards in the exploration, extraction and exploitation of raw materials.
Peru is a partner country of German development cooperation and one of the biggest recipients of German development cooperation funding in Latin America. This assistance is greatly valued and appreciated by the Peruvian side. In all, Peru has received some two billion euros in Financial Cooperation (FC) and Technical Cooperation (TC) since bilateral cooperation began.
In consultation with the Peruvian Government, bilateral development cooperation focuses on the following three priority areas:
Modernisation of the state (democracy, civil society, public administration): German development cooperation supports the Peruvian Government in its efforts to modernise public administration and boost the efficiency of state institutions.
Sustainable urban development: Cities and urban development play a particularly crucial role in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Peru. One central area of urban infrastructure is the state water sector, which in Peru is severely threatened by climate change.
Sustainable rural development, management of natural resources and climate change: German development cooperation helps the Peruvian Government to protect the country’s extraordinary wealth of natural resources (fourth-largest area of tropical forests worldwide, great variety of flora and fauna) and to improve awareness of its value.
More information is available on the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development:
Culture and education
Cultural relations are also wide-ranging. The Goethe Institute has a branch in Lima, and two other German-Peruvian cultural institutes are located in Arequipa and Cusco. Apart from the Alexander von Humboldt School (an International School with approximately 1,600 students), there are two other German Schools Abroad, in Chosica (near Lima) and in Arequipa, and five other schools that are supported by the Federal Foreign Office, in particular on account of their German teaching. In all, 14 Peruvian schools participate in the Schools – Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH), which is designed to arouse young people’s long-term interest in present-day Germany and in the German language. It is also thanks to this initiative that there are now some 17,500 people learning German in Peru.
Another priority area of cultural cooperation is scientific and academic exchange. In 2015, there were 207 Peruvians studying in Germany on German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) scholarships. Conversely, the DAAD provided support to 199 Germans studying in Peru. A DAAD academic teacher has been working at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in Lima since August 2011 and a DAAD Information Centre was opened there in March 2016.
The German Research Foundation has supported a number of Peru-related projects in the past. The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation provided funding to several Peruvian researchers.
Of special note is the research work that was conducted by the German Archaeological Institute’s Commission for General and Comparative Archaeology in Palpa near Nazca in cooperation with Peruvian institutions (conservation of the La Muña necropolis).