Last updated in November 2016
Bilateral political relations between Germany and Peru are friendly and trustful. Germany supports Peru’s state modernisation, including strengthening institutions and the civil service at various government levels and promoting civil society participation. In development cooperation, Germany is also helping to improve urban water management and wastewater disposal and is involved in nature conservation projects and measures to combat climate change.
There has recently been a marked increase in the number of high-level visits, these being particular frequent in the past year. Federal Foreign Minister Steinmeier and Federal President Gauck were in Peru for talks in February and March 2015, respectively. There were also numerous visits by other government ministers, state secretaries and members of the German Bundestag. Peru’s former President Humala visited Germany in June 2012 and July 2014, meeting with Federal Chancellor Merkel, among others.
Germany is a major trading partner of Peru’s, supplying high-quality capital goods and importing from Peru raw materials and agricultural products. The principal German imports from Peru are mineral resources as well as fish meal, asparagus and coffee. Germany’s main exports to Peru are motor vehicles, machinery of all kinds, electrical goods and pharmaceutical products.
In 2015, trade between Germany and Peru fell by 25 per cent, to USD 2.02 billion. There was once again a balance of trade surplus (of USD 200 million) in Germany’s favour, compared with USD 249 million in 2014. According to the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism, in 2015 Peru’s exports to Germany totalled USD 910 million and its imports from Germany USD 1.11 billion. In the first half of 2016, Germany again recorded a positive balance of trade with Peru, with a surplus of USD 154 million. From January to July 2016, Peru exported to Germany goods worth USD 369 million, while Germany exported to Peru goods worth USD 523 million.
A German-Peruvian investment protection agreement has been in force since 1997. No bilateral double taxation agreement has yet been concluded. The EU’s free trade agreement with Peru and Colombia has been provisionally applied since 1 March 2013. The agreement will enter into force definitively when it has been ratified by all EU member states.
An agreement on cooperation in the fields of raw materials, industry and technology entered into force at the beginning of 2015. This partnership provides for closer cooperation in areas including the implementation of international environmental and social standards in the exploration, extraction and exploitation of raw materials.
Peru is a partner country of German development cooperation and one of the biggest recipients of German development cooperation funding in Latin America. This assistance is greatly valued and appreciated by the Peruvian side. In all, Peru has received some EUR 2 billion in Financial Cooperation (FC) and Technical Cooperation (TC) since bilateral cooperation began.
In consultation with the Peruvian government, bilateral development cooperation focuses on the following three priority areas: democracy, civil society and public administration; drinking water supply and sanitation; and sustainable rural development, management of natural resources and climate change.
More information is available on the website of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development:
Culture and education
Cultural relations are also wide-ranging. The Goethe Institute has a branch in Lima, and two other German-Peruvian cultural institutes are located in Arequipa and Cusco. Apart from the Alexander von Humboldt School (an International School with approximately 1,600 students), there are two other German Schools Abroad, in Chosica (near Lima) and in Arequipa, and five other schools that are supported by the Federal Foreign Office, in particular on account of their German teaching. In all, 14 Peruvian schools participate in the Schools – Partners for the Future initiative (PASCH), which is designed to arouse young people’s long-term interest in present-day Germany and in the German language. It is also thanks to this initiative that there are now some 17,500 people learning German in Peru.
Another priority area of cultural cooperation is scientific and academic exchange. In 2015, there were 207 Peruvians studying in Germany on German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) scholarships. Conversely, the DAAD provided support to 199 Germans studying in Peru. A DAAD academic teacher has been working at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in Lima since August 2011 and a DAAD Information Centre was opened there in March 2016.
The German Research Foundation has supported a number of Peru-related projects in the past. The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation provided funding to several Peruvian researchers.
Of special note is the research work that was conducted by the German Archaeological Institute’s Commission for General and Comparative Archaeology in Palpa near Nazca in cooperation with Peruvian institutions (conservation of the La Muña necropolis).