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Germany

Germany

Last updated April 2017

NameFederal Republic of Germany
ClimateGermany lies in the moderately cool west wind zone between the Atlantic Ocean and the continental climate in the East.
LocationThe country’s maximum extension from north to south is 876 kilometres as the crow flies, and from west to east 640 kilometres.
Area357,050 sq km
CapitalBerlin (approx. 3.5 million inhabitants)
Population82.2 million inhabitants, of whom approx. 8.7 million are foreigners (destatis, 31.12.2015)
LanguagesGerman
Minority languages: Frisian, Sorbian, Danish and Romany
ReligionsProtestants (27% of the population); Catholics (29% of the population); Muslims (4% of the population);  100,000 members of Jewish communities, and others (2015)
National Day3 October, Day of German Unity (reunification in 1990).
System of GovernmentDemocratic and social federal system
Head of StateFederal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier, since March 2017
Head of GovernmentFederal Chancellor Angela Merkel, since November 2005
Foreign MinisterFederal Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel, since January 2017
ParliamentGerman Bundestag (Lower House), 630 members elected for a four-year term. Bundestag President Dr. Norbert Lammert (CDU/CSU).
German Bundesrat (Upper House), representation of the 16 federal states, comprising members of the federal state governments. The office of Bundesrat President is held by one of the federal states’ Minister-Presidents, elected for a one-year term.  
PartiesChristian Democratic Union (CDU) and Christian Social Union (CSU) 311 seats, Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 193 seats,
Left Party 64 seats, Alliance 90/The Greens 63 seats
Administrative structureFederation comprising 16 federal states (Länder)
Membership in international organisationsUnited Nations (1973), NATO (1955), Council of Europe (1950), OECD (1961), EC (1957), OSCE (1975) and all important United Nations specialized agencies.
Principal MediaPublic-service radio and television stations (ARD, ZDF, Deutsche Welle, etc.) as well as a large number of commercial radio and television stations (including RTL, SAT 1, Pro 7, Kabel 1).
Over 300 daily newspapers, including Bild, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Welt, and the weekly Die Zeit. Several nationwide news magazines (Spiegel, Focus, etc.).
Gross National Product3,132.7 billion euros (destatis.de, 2016)
Per-Capita GNP37,866 euros  (destatis.de, 2016)
DisclaimerThis text is intended as a source of basic information. It is regularly updated. No liability can be accepted for the accuracy or completeness of its contents.

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